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Ⅰ 求英語單詞中的常用名詞-越多越好

修改了一下,剩下的都是名詞了~

ache n 疼痛
act n & v 表演,行動
action n 表演,動作
activity n 活動
advertisement n 廣告
advice n 建議,忠告
airplane n 飛機
airport n 機場
ant n 螞蟻
area 地區,范圍,面積
army n 軍隊
article n 文章,論文,冠詞
Asia n 亞洲
Asian a & n 亞洲的,亞洲人
attention n 注意,立正(口令)
balloon n 氣球
bamboo n 竹子
baseball n 棒球
bathroom n 浴室
beach n 海灘
bear� n 熊
bee n 蜜蜂
beef n 牛肉
believe v 相信
bell n 鍾,鈴
birth n 出生
biscuit n 餅干
blood n 血
boss n 老闆
bowl n 碗
brain n 大腦,頭腦
butter n 奶油
butterfly n 蝴蝶
cabbage n 大白菜
camel n 駱駝
camera n 相機
camp n & v 野營
cancer n 癌症
candle n 蠟燭
candy n 糖果
cap n 帽子
capital n 首都
captain n 船長,(球隊)隊長
cause n & v 原因,引起
CD n 唱片
CD-ROM n. 光碟機
cent n (美元中的)分
chairman/woman n 主席
chalk n 粉筆
chance n 機會
chant n & v 聊天
check n & v 檢查
cheer n & v 喝采
cheese n 乳酪
chemistry n 化學
chest n 胸脯
chicken n 雞肉
China n 中國
chocolate n 巧克力
choice n 選擇
chopsticks n 筷子
church n 教堂
circle n & v 圓圈,圈住
clap v & n 鼓掌,掌聲
cloud n 雲
club n 俱樂部
coffee n 咖啡
coin n 硬幣
coke n 可樂
college n (大專)學院
company n 公司
competition n 比賽
composition n 作文
concert n 演唱會
conversation n 交談
cooker n 廚具,灶具
cotton n & a 棉花
cough n & v 咳嗽
countryside n 農村,鄉下
couple n 一對(夫妻)
courage n 勇氣
cousin n (堂、表)兄弟姐妹
cover n & v 封面,覆蓋
daily a, ad & n 每天的;日報
danger n 危險
death n 死亡
decision n 決定,決心
dentist n 牙醫
dialogue (Am dialog) n 對話
diary n 日記
difference n 不同點
difficulty n 困難,難處
discovery n 發現
discussion n 討論
disease n 疾病
dish n 碟
doll n 玩具娃娃
double a & n 雙倍的,雙重的
dozen n 一打(12個)
drawer n 抽屜,
drop n & v 點滴,落下,放棄
drum n 鼓
ck n 鴨子
ty n 職責,
DVD n
edge n 邊緣
ecation n 教育
e-mail n & v (發)電子郵件
enemy n 敵人
engineer n 工程師
environment n 娛樂
eraser n擦除器(如黑板擦、橡皮擦等)
Europe n 歐洲
European a & n 歐洲的,歐洲人
example n 例子
experience n 經驗
experiment n 實驗,試驗
fact n 事實
fear n 害怕,危險
feeling n 感情
festival n 節日
fever n 發燒
fight (fought, fought ) v & n 打架,打仗
finger n 手指
fire n 火
flag n 旗
flat n 套房
flu n 流感
foreigner n 外國人
forest n 森林
fork n餐叉
furniture n 傢具,家私
gentleman n 先生,紳士
geography n 地理
gift n 小禮物
giraffe n長頸鹿
glove n 手套
goat n 山羊
goose (pl. geese) n 鵝
government n 政府
grade n 年級
grandchild n 孫輩
granddaughter n 孫女
grandparent n 祖父母
grandson n 孫子
granny n 奶奶
grape n葡萄
guitar n 吉它
gun n 槍
habit n 習慣,習性
hall n 大廳
hamburger n 漢堡包
handbag n 手袋
handwriting n 書法,筆跡
hat n 草帽
hate v & n 憎恨
headache n 頭疼
health n 健康
heat n 熱量
height n 高度
hen n 母雞
hobby n業余愛好,癖好
hometown n 家鄉
hotdog n 熱狗
human a & n 人類,人
ice-cream n 冰淇淋
illness n 疾病
increase v & n 增加,增強
India n 印度
Indian a & n 印度人
information n 信息
ink n 墨水
instruction n 說明,指引
interest n 趣味
international n 國際的
Internet n 互聯網
interview n & v接見,會見,采訪
invention n 發明
island n 島
jeans n 牛仔褲
job n 工作
joke n & v 笑話,開玩笑
joy n 樂趣
juice n 果汁
kick v & n 踢
kid n 小孩
kilo = kilogram n 公斤
king n 國王
kiss n & v 吻
kitchen n 廚房
kite n 風箏
knee n 膝,膝蓋,膝部
knowledge n 知識
lamb n 羔羊肉
lamp n 燈,油燈,燈火
law n 法律
leader n 領導
leaf (pl. leaves) n 葉子
least n最小;最少
level n 水平
license n 牌照,證照
lion n 獅子
list n & v 表格,列表
lock n & v 鎖,上鎖
London n 倫敦
luck n 運氣
magazine n 雜志
mail n 郵件
manager n 經理
marriage n 婚姻
master v & n 主人,
meaning n 意思,意義
memory n 記憶
mention n & v 提及,意思是
menu n 菜單
metal n & a 金屬(的)
mile n 英里
mirror n 鏡子
model n 示範,模範
mom (Am mum) n 媽媽
monitor n 班長,顯示器
motorcycle n 摩托車
mouse (pl. mice) n 老鼠
movie n 電影
Ms. n 女士
nature n 大自然
neck n 脖子,頸
neighbour (Am neighbor) n 鄰居
night n 夜晚
noodle n 面條
note n & v 筆記,記錄,字條
notebook n 筆記本
notice n & v 通知,注意到
object n 物體
ocean n 海洋
offer v & n 提供
officer n 官員
oil n 油
order v & n
owner n 物主,擁有者
P.C. = personal computer n
P.E. = physical ecation n
Pacific n & a 太平洋
package n 包裹
paint n & v 油漆,顏料,用油漆油
palace n 宮殿
pancake n 薄烤餅
panda n 熊貓
pardon n 原諒
passage n 短文,通道
passenger n 路人
passport n 護照
path n 小路
peace n 和平
pence n 便士
penny n 分
people n 人,人們
pet n 獸醫
physics n 物理
piano n 鋼琴
pie n 派,餡餅
pig n 豬
pilot n 飛行員
ping-pong n 乒乓球
pink n & a 粉紅色(的)
pity n憐憫;同情,可惜的事
plan n & v 計劃
planet n 行星
plastic n & a 塑料(的)
plate n 盤子
playground n 運動場
pleasure n 愉悅,高興;滿足
pocket n 口袋
point v & n 指向;點
pool n 水塘
population n 人口
pork n 豬肉
postcard n 明信片
postman n 郵遞員
pound n 磅,鎊
price n 價錢
pride n 驕傲
prize n 獎賞,獎金
public a & n 公共的
pupil n 小學生
queen n 女王
rabbit n 兔子
race n 賽跑
railway n 鐵路,鐵軌
raincoat n 雨衣
rainy a 雨天
rat n老鼠
reason n 理由,原因
recorder n 錄音機,
repair n & v 修理
reply v & n回答,答復
report n & v 報告
restaurant n 餐館
result n 結果
review v & n 復習
riddle n謎,謎語
robot n 機器人
rock n 岩石,石山
rose n 玫瑰
rubber n 橡皮擦
rubbish n垃圾;廢物
rule n & v 規則
ruler n 尺子
Russia n 俄國
safe a & n 安全(的)
safety n 安全
salt n 鹽
sand n 沙子
sandwich n 三明治
sausage n香腸,臘腸
scarf n圍巾;披巾;頭巾,領帶
schoolbag n 書包
scientist n 科學家
score n & v 得分,射中
screen n 屏幕
search n & v 搜索
secret n 秘密
sentence n 句子
set (set, set) v & n (日、月等)落,設置
shape n & v形狀;樣子,外形
shorts n運動短褲
shoulder n 肩膀
shower n淋浴
silk n 絲綢
skill n 技巧
smoke v & n 吸煙;煙
snake n 蛇
soap n肥皂
society n 社會
socks n短襪,
soup n 湯
space n 空間
speaker n 演講者,喇叭
speech n 演講
speed n & v 速度
spirit n 精神
spoon n湯匙
square n 廣場,平方
state n 形態,國家
steel n鋼鐵
step n & v 步伐,腳步
stomach n 胃,肚子
stone n 石頭
store n & v貯存,店鋪
storm n暴風雨
strawberry n 草莓
success n 成功
Sunday n 星期天
sweater n 汗衫,毛衣
symbol n 符號
table tennis n 乒乓球
tail n 尾巴
tale n 故事,傳說
tape n 磁帶
task n 任務,工作
taste n & v 味道,嘗起來…
taxi n 的士
technology n 技術
television = TV n 電視
tennis n 網球
tent n 帳篷
test v & n 試驗,測試,檢驗
text n 課文
theatre (Am theatre) n 戲院
thought n 思想
tie v & n 綁緊;領帶
tiger n 老虎
toilet n 廁所
tongue n 舌頭;口語
tool n 工具
toothache n 牙痛
toothbrush n 牙刷
tour n 旅行
tourist n 遊客
toward(s) prep 向著…
towel n 毛巾
tower n 塔
toy n 玩具
traffic n 交通
training n 訓練,培訓
treasure n 珠寶
trip n 旅行,行程
truck n 卡車
T-shirt n T形襯衫
umbrella n 雨傘
underground a & n 地下的;地下層
unit n 單元
university n 大學
VCD n
video n 錄像
violin n 小提琴
voice n 嗓音,人聲
volleyball n 排球
war n 戰爭
waste n & v 廢物;浪費
watermelon n 西瓜
weekday n 工作日
whale n 鯨
wheat n 小麥
wine n葡萄酒;酒
wing n翅膀
winner n 勝者
wolf n 狼
wood n 木頭
yard n 碼,院子
zebra n 斑馬

△Atlantic n & a 大西洋
△ability n 能力,都能
△accent n 口音
△advantage n 優勢,優點
△agreement n 同意,協定
△airline 航線
△avoid n 避開,躲避,預防
△behaviour n 行為,舉止,態度
△board n 木板,牌
△bottom n 底部
△breath n 呼吸
△ceiling n 天花板
△coach n 教練
△coal n 煤炭
△coast n 海岸
△communication n 交流,溝通
△condition n 條件
△conference n 會議,協商會
△course n 課程
△crayon n 蠟筆,有色粉筆
△culture n 文化
△degree n 級別,度數
△development n 發展
△direction n 方向
△director n 指揮,主任,導演
△doubt n & v 懷疑
△drug n 毒品
△effort n 努力
△energy n 能量
△gesture n 手勢,姿勢
△god n 上帝
△greeting n 打招呼
△guard n 衛兵,看守
△guest n 客人
△gym = gymnasium n健身房,體育館
△ham n 火腿
△heaven n 天堂
△hero n 英雄
△honour (Am honor) n & v 榮譽
△inch n 英寸
△instry n 工業
△influence n 影響,勢力
△intention n 意圖,意向,目的
△iron n & v 熨斗;熨衣,
△lemonade n 檸檬
△method n 方法
△operation n
△overcoat n
△percent n 百分比
△period n 期間,時期
△plain a & n 平原;簡單的
△plenty n 足夠
△poem n 詩
△policy n 政策
△pond n 池塘
△position n 位置
△praise n & v 表揚
△president n 總統
△prison n 監獄
△prisoner n 囚犯
△progress n & v 提高,進步
△promise n & v 承諾,許諾
△pronunciation n 發音
△purple a & n紫色,紫紅色(的)
△purpose n 目的
△purse n錢包;(女用)手提包
△regret n & v為...抱歉,遺憾
△relation n 關系
△research n 研究
△risk n危險,風險
△role n 角色
△rope n 繩子
△sail n & v (船)航行
△salad n色拉
△secretary n 秘書
△sense n感覺;意識;觀念
△servant n 僕人
△service n 服務
△shame n羞恥(心),羞愧(感)
△sight n視覺,視力,看見
△silence n無聲,寂靜
△silver n銀
△situation n處境,境遇
△sofa n 沙發
△solid a & n 固體(的)
△sort v & n種類,品種
△stairs n樓梯
△standard n & a 水平;標準的
△stranger n 陌生人
△stream n小河,溪流
△suggestion n 建議
△supply v & n供應,提供
△surface n 表面
△swing n. 鞦韆
△thread n 線
△ton n 噸
△toothpaste n 牙膏
△total a & n 總的;總數,合計
△trade n 交易,貿易
△treatment n 待遇,治療
△truth n 事實,真相
△vacation n 假期
△value n 價值,評價
△vehicle n 車輛
△victory n 勝利
△wealth n 財富
△website n 網頁
△weight n 重量
△wheel n 輪子
△X-ray

Ⅱ 大學生英文求職信

大學生英文求職信範文匯總十篇

日子如同白駒過隙,不經意間,找工作對於我們說已越來越近,求職信也應跟上時間的腳步了哦。相信很多人都十分頭疼怎麼寫一封精彩的求職信吧,以下是我精心整理的大學生英文求職信10篇,希望能夠幫助到大家。

Myputer and a good standard of English.puter through theputer two countries can be skilled to use VB, VC, Fortran programming language, and the preparation of students and their many practical proceres; can skilled use of AutoCAD, ANSYS, Flac, Abaqus and other specialized software. English through the College English Test 4, the reading proficiency can bepared to instry data.

While studying at the school learning and life, so I know how to truth-seeking, innovation, unity, and is a career ahead of the first prerequisite. If fortunate enough to become a member of your organization, I will work diligently, get down to work, continuous learning in practice, give full play to their initiative and creativity to make every effort for the development.

Again, thank you for reading this letter and look forward to your early reply, thank you!

Business unitsthriving achievements!

Sincerely,

Salute!

大學生英文求職信 篇4

April 6,20xx

P.O.Box 3

XX University

Beijing,China 100000

Dear Sir/Madame,

Your advertisement for a Network Maintenance Engineer in the April 10Student Daily interested me because the position that you de- scribed sounds exactly like the kind of job I am seeking.

According to the advertisement,your position requires a good university degree,Bachelor or above in Computer Science or equivalent field and proficient in Windows NT 4.0and Linux System.I feel that I am competent to meet the requirements.I will be graating from XX University this year with a MSC.My studies have included courses in computer control and management and I designed a control simulation system developed with Microsoft Visual and SQL Server.

During my ecation,I have grasped the principles of my major subject area and gained practical skills.Not only have I passed CET - 6,but more importantly I can communicate fluently in English.My ability to write and speak English is a good standard.

I would welcome an opportunity to attend you for an interview.

Enclosed is my resume and if there is any additional information you require,please contact me.

Yours faithfully,

Wan Long

敬的領導:

您好!

非常感謝您在百忙中一覽我的求職材料,從中您將會感受到一個年輕大學生真誠的期望。

我是新疆大學的一名20xx屆畢業生,作為區域經濟學專業的一員,我感到非常自豪。因為在區域經濟學方面我受到了更全面、更大更深的理論教育,整個區域經濟學專業教育給我打下了堅實的基礎。受到了基本實驗技術的嚴謹訓練,從而不斷地提高了獨立解決問題的能力。感謝您能給予我機會和力量,開始我的又一段嶄新的人生。

「追求卓越」是我一貫的思想和目標。在校的三年中,我努力從各方面完善和提高自己,在思想上、政治上我嚴格要求自己,積極向上,入校後參加了學校入黨積極分子培訓班。在學習上勤奮、認真,連續兩年獲得獎學金,學習成績一直處於班級前列。並且十分注重自己計算機的學習,順利通過計算機cct考試。平時很注意鍛煉自己人的.綜合能力,同時注重自己的組織管理、語言等能力,也得到了很好的鍛煉。

知識需要不斷的積累和更新,同樣離不開社會實踐。在校期間,我積極參加班級活動,在假期積極參加社會實踐活動,培養了我吃苦耐勞的精神,培養了我的實踐能力、觀察能力。我明白不管幹什麼事,都要有熱心,我會滿腔熱血去干每一件事。

擇業是我人生一個新的轉折,事業的起點。該選擇在何處?我思索良久得知貴單位有雄厚的實力。本著發揮特長與同事攜手共進,為區域經濟事業盡微薄之力。不量自薦,如果貴單位有待填充,我願隨時接受您的面試,我也將用自身的實力一生的努力來證明我自己。

恭祝:身體健康,工作順利!

此致

敬禮

大學生英文求職信 篇5

dear sir,

i would like to ask you to consider my qualification for the position in sales that you advertised in jobspower.com.

i graated from the college of business in june of 1990. since that time i have been taking night courses at polytechnics in sales techniques and mass media advertising.

i have worked as a vehicle salesman for the ford co. for the past three years. at present i am their chief salesman and account for over one half of the sales. before my present employment, i worked for the chains deparment store as a salesclerk in the electrical appliance section. we worked mainly on commission and i was able to earn a substantial amount although i was very young.

i would like to make a change now because i feel that i can go no further in my present job, i feel that my ability and my training should enable me to advance into a better and more responsible position, and it appears that this will not be forth-coming at my present position.

if you would like to know more about my ability, i can be available for an interview at any time convenient to you.

sincerely yours,

大學生英文求職信 篇6

Dear Mr. Director,

I am currently working on Master Degree in International Commercial law at Tsinghua University. My supervisor Mr.Wang, a well-know professor of law, tells me that SFSC specializes in recommending qualified personnel to muti-national companies and suggests that I contact you for recommendation.

During the two years of studies at Tsinghua University, I have not only

acquired a lot of knowledge of international commercial law, but also learned two foreign languages as well ,they are English and Japanese. Moreover, I have published two papers in the university journal on problems that may arise after China『s entry to WTO. And they have been favorably accepted.

I am enclosing a resume, copies of my published papers, and Professor DA『s letter of recommendation.

I sincerely hope you will introce me to a famous multi-national company, to which I will dedicate myself.

Sincerely,

Jack

大學生英文求職信 篇7

Miss. wu:

I was referred to you by mr. zhang, a partner wIth your beIjIng offIce, who Informed me that the shanghaI offIce of your company Is actIvely seekIng to hIre qualIty IndIvIals for your audItor program.

I have more than two years of accountIng experIence, IncludIng InternIng as an audItor last year wIth the beIjIng offIce of cccc. I wIll be receIvIng my mba thIs may from tsInghua unIversIty. I am confIdent that my combInatIon of practIcal work experIence and solId ecatIonal experIence has prepared me for makIng an ImmedIate contrIbutIon to your company. I understand the level of professIonalIsm and communIcatIon requIred for long-term success In the fIeld. my background and professIonal approach to busIness wIll provIde your offIce wIth a hIghly proctIve audItor upon completIon of your development program.

I wIll be In the shanghaI area the week of aprIl 16. please call me at 1xxxxxxxxxxx to arrange a convenIent tIme when we may meet to further dIscuss my background In relatIon to your needs. I look forward to meetIng you then.

大學生英文求職信 篇8

dear sir,

if an ability to learn fast and to work efficiently is important to you, then i may be the right one for the position you offered .please consider my application for the position.

i am supposed to graate from bussniess school of hubei uniersity of tcchnology in international economy and trade in july XX. the three -year ecation endowed me with a general knowledge and good command of professional knowledge,as well as basic computer knowledge. i have passed all the courses and achieved excellent grade. outside classroom, i was very active and took part in different extracurricular activities. i have been doing many part-time jobs such as sales and others that you can see in my resume. all these experiences contributed much to the development and promotion of my organization and communication ability.

i am a woman who has a strong and creative mind, plus flexibility of cooperation, public relations skills and so on. i would bring a delighted new interest and enthusiasm, and that, of course, would mean more efficient and better work for you. have you an opening for a young woman who believes that she has something to offer? if you wish to see me, i will be very pleased to come in for an interview. i should esteem it a great favor if you could give me an opportunity to try to serve you in the position.

thank you for your consideration。

yours sincerely

大學生英文求職信 篇9

I understand the level of professionalism and communication required for long-term success in the field. My background and professional approach to business will provide your office with a highly proctive Auditor upon completion of your development program.

I will be in the Shanghai area the week of May 10. Please call me at

13XXXXXXXXX to arrange a convenient time when we may meet to further discuss my background in relation to your needs. I look forward to meeting you then.

Sincerely,

Micelle

大學生英文求職信 篇10

dear leaders:

hello!

was pleased to participate in your companys human resources recruitment. as the car is about to graate professional students, are convinced that your company would like to search for jobs. at the same time, the company also hopes to read my resume and attached to the report card. wish to express my gratitude.

university, i first of all to their own position in the technology, followed by taking into account the management of the economy; but also focus on training their own ability to learn, and strive to improve the framework of their own knowledge.

technical aspects, i have done in three preparations.

1) basic: may be e to the characteristics of the automotive instry, it is holding up the works of convincing, so i focused on the schools required course on the open. received five scholarships and the best students, learning the title role models. my first three years of the weighted score of 82 points, basically the post-graate qualification exam.

2) computers and networks: the development of computers and networks are a great trend. for its characteristics, i customized study plan accordingly. to participate in cad / cam / cae (catia) training and obtain a certificate ibm.

3) foreign language: the importance of english self-evident. i would like to make foreign language learning is a self-confidence. if necessary, even if this is not a problem spoken. in addition, learning german.

other aspects, mainly referring to the human sciences: knowledge for improving their own interest in the structure and consideration, i take part and self-study courses. for management, economic, legal, etc. with some basic knowledge.

in addition i would also like to mention is that i am not a party member, but the thought of not less than the quality of party members; as regards health status, not aerobics, but health is definitely a first-class. their immune systems strong. university ring the last one hospital, it took about three drugs.

represents past performance, in addition to the technical aspects needs to be added in the outside. especially in the practice should step up their study. while in school there is the practice of setting up classes, but it is certainly not enough, but there is a certain distance and the actual. therefore, i would like to participate in the work of training their own hands the ability to combine theory and practice to gain insight and understanding to help better use of the future.

i would like your company to take greater account of the material. been looking forward to hearing from you. thanks!

;

Ⅲ 大學英文求職信

大學英文求職信範文匯總十篇

光陰的迅速,一眨眼就過去了,相信很多朋友又忙著找工作呢吧,該為自己寫一封求職信了哦。那麼優秀的.求職信都是怎麼寫的呢?以下是我為大家收集的大學英文求職信10篇,歡迎大家分享。

sincerely,

大學英文求職信 篇2

Dear Sir or Madam,

I am writing to apply for the position of business manager you advertised in yesterday』s China Daily.

To briefly introce myself, I am a graate student of Peking University majoring in business administration, and expect graation this June. Not only have I excellent academic performance in all courses, I also possess the rich experience of assisting management staff of several renowned international companies, such as KPMG and Microsoft. My interactive personal

skills and teamwork spirit are also appropriate for this post. For further information, please refer to my attached resume.

I would be grateful if you could arrange an interview at your earliest convenience.

Yours sincerely,

Li Ming

大學英文求職信 篇3

Dear Sir,

In reply to your advertisement in regarding a vacancy in your office, I wish to apply for the position of senior clerk, which you have specified.

I feel confident that I can meet your special requirements indicating that the candidate must have a high command of English, for I graated from the English Language Department of - University three years ago.

In addition to my study of English while in the University, I have worked for three years as secretary in the firm of ABC Trading Co,Ltd.

The main reason for changing my employments is to gain more experience with a superior trading company like yours. I believe that my ecation and experience will prove useful for work in your office.

I am enclosing my personal history, certificate of graation and letter of recommendation from the president of the University, I shall be obliged if you will give me a personal interview at your convenience.

Very truly yours.

大學英文求職信 篇4

Dear S×r/Madam:

Now and then corporat×ons send out feelers for just the r×ght type of creat×ve person. Th×s person must f×t very spec×f×c cr×ter×a. Usually, after all ×s sa×d and done, the corporat×on wants a bus×ness person who can manage, create andmun×cate. A seasoned profess×onal who『s been around for a wh×le.

×f you『ve been look×ng for th×s rareb×nat×on of bus×ness savvy and des×gn expert×se, my background m×ght ×nterest you:

Ten years of work×ng exper×ence. Sol×d background ×n the management of creat×ve up-and-comers.

Know new technolog×es that show ×nstant prof×t, such as CAD/CAM.

Th×s ×s but a br×ef summary of my ab×l×t×es. And there ×s much, much more to share.× feel × have strong marketable sk×lls ×n wh×ch you would be ×nterested. Please contact me ×f you would l×ke to hear and see more.

W×th many thanks,

大學英文求職信 篇5

dear leaders:

hello!

was pleased to participate in your companys human resources recruitment. as the car is about to graate professional students, are convinced that your company would like to search for jobs. at the same time, the company also hopes to read my resume and attached to the report card. wish to express my gratitude.

university, i first of all to their own position in the technology, followed by taking into account the management of the economy; but also focus on training their own ability to learn, and strive to improve the framework of their own knowledge.

technical aspects, i have done in three preparations.

1) basic: may be e to the characteristics of the automotive instry, it is holding up the works of convincing, so i focused on the schools required course on the open. received five scholarships and the best students, learning the title role models. my first three years of the weighted score of 82 points, basically the post-graate qualification exam.

2) computers and networks: the development of computers and networks are a great trend. for its characteristics, i customized study plan accordingly. to participate in cad / cam / cae (catia) training and obtain a certificate ibm.

3) foreign language: the importance of english self-evident. i would like to make foreign language learning is a self-confidence. if necessary, even if this is not a problem spoken. in addition, learning german.

other aspects, mainly referring to the human sciences: knowledge for improving their own interest in the structure and consideration, i take part and self-study courses. for management, economic, legal, etc. with some basic knowledge.

in addition i would also like to mention is that i am not a party member, but the thought of not less than the quality of party members; as regards health status, not aerobics, but health is definitely a first-class. their immune systems strong. university ring the last one hospital, it took about three drugs.

represents past performance, in addition to the technical aspects needs to be added in the outside. especially in the practice should step up their study. while in school there is the practice of setting up classes, but it is certainly not enough, but there is a certain distance and the actual. therefore, i would like to participate in the work of training their own hands the ability to combine theory and practice to gain insight and understanding to help better use of the future.

i would like your company to take greater account of the material. been looking forward to hearing from you. thanks!

大學英文求職信 篇6

dear mr. ****,

ms. maria of your company has told me that your depart. needs a manager assistant, and i want to apply for the position. i graated from the university of business and economy last year. my major is human resource and some experience in business has prepared me for the work you are calling for.

i am really interested in learning business practice. i will try my best to be a diligent worker and a fast learner. if given a chance, i am sure i can prove my worth in your company.

i will be available ring the weekdays in the morning for any interviews you may want to give. enclosed is my resume, and hoping for your immediate reply.

sincerely yours,

betty

這是一份標準的英文求職信,畢業大學生可以按照這樣的格式寫英文求職信,個人簡歷《大學畢業生外貿公司英文求職信》。不是說大學生不會寫英語,只是他們不懂得格式,不知道從哪裡下手寫。所以只要按照這個格式,你就可以充分發揮你的英語水平了,想怎麼寫就怎麼寫。

大學生現在就業壓力是很大,所以要珍惜一切可以得到職位的工作,如果是好工作的話那就要更加的珍惜了,畢竟機會不是很多,錯過了就錯過了,沒有反悔的機會。

大學英文求職信 篇7

Looking at the moment, can be expected that employment patterns of university students in 20xx remains grim. Want to find a job, it should be written cover letter in 20xx, college students how to write cover letter should also become a headache for many students. The following example, the University may wish to reference.

Dear Sir / Madam:

Hello! I am afraid bother. I am just a computer from the South China University English major graate university graates. I am honored to organic back to your submission to my personal cover letter, the occasion of their careers in society, in order to find compatible with their professional and interest in the work of better play to their talents and realize their life values, like all the leaders to make some self-introction.

Now own situation briefly described as follows:

Major courses: real estate economics, real estate marketing, market research and forecasting, primary planning school, secondary school planned (on the book, the next book), Senior Planning Studies, and real estate throughout the planning, advertising theory, the written property management, real estate case studies, business etiquette. Elective Courses: Introction to Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping, Mandarin tutorials, flower studies, architecture.

I will seriously be completed at school ring the major and elective courses of study, and passed it.

I warmly cheerful, love to travel and each time I travel is to learn a lot of things in and make a lot of friends. Done before a lot of part-time, including the time at home is also looking for part-time, these are the valuable experience of my work, anything from a work experience do not know any little girls graally became mature. Hope to be able to engage my favorite job, I will try to do the job.

Accounting profession as a university student, I love my profession and put their great enthusiasm and energy. In the four years of study and life, I have to learn the content ranging from the basics of accounting to the use of many context. through the study of such knowledge, I have knowledge in this field has a certain degree of understanding and mastery, this specialty is a tool, the ability to take advantage of this tool is the most important, in parallel with the course of the a variety of relevant, Jian and internships in actual operation with a certain capacity and technology. in school work, to enhance life skills training, learning, management knowledge, absorbing management experience.

I know that computers and networks are the future of the tool, to learn the premise of the profession, I had a great interest in the computer and read a lot of relevant books, Windows98/20xx, Kingdee finance, UF finance systems, application software, Foxpro, VB language, etc. programming language.

I was in a period of energetic life, I am eager to expose a wider compass of their talents, I am satisfied with the existing level of knowledge, expected to be tempered in practice and improve, so I hope to join your unit . I will steadily and surely to do their own job, make every effort to achieve good results in their work. I believe that through their own hard work and effort will make e contributions.

大學英文求職信 篇8

Dear S×r or Madam,

×t』s greatly apprec×ated that you can share your t×me to read my self—recommendat×on letter. My name ×s xxxx,22,major×ng ×n Engl×sh. × w×ll graate from HuBe× Normal Un×vers×ty ×n June XX w×th honors. ×n the course of four—year un×vers×ty study,× was appo×nted as v×ce mon×tor and the cha×rman of the League Member. Now × am the member of CPC. Thanks to my ×nstry,× have passed TEM4, CET6 ,TEM8.Meanwh×le,four years × reaped many rewards,such as nat×onal scholarsh×p,the f×rst rank×ng scholarsh×p,the second rank×ng scholarsh×p,3 good』s student,outstand×ng student leader9 f2 m and excellent League Member,etc.

「Only after pol×sh×ng, the sword w×ll be sharp; only after suffer×ng severe w×nter, the plum blossom w×ll be fragment.」 After four—year hard study, × have possessed the qual×ty to be a qual×f×ed Engl×sh teacher. × got the second pr×ce ×n teacher sk×ll compet×t×on ×n HuBe× Normal Un×vers×ty as well as the f×rst pr×ce ×n normal students』 teach×ng lesson .

Four—year hard work×ng arms me w×th sol×d spec×al×zed knowledge. Now, × have mastered the bas×c Engl×sh sk×lls: l×sten×ng, speak×ng, read×ng, wr×t×ng and translat×on; and also have a good knowledge of grammar, phonet×cs, l×ngu×st×cs etc. Add×t×onally, extens×ve read×ng has broadened my m×nd. ×t acqua×nted me w×th western countr×es』 culture and custom. Hard work×ng also rewards me w×th h×gh scores ×n exam×nat×on.

W×th a perfect mastery of spec×al×zed knowledge, × also developed myself ×n all-round way. × have been pay×ng spec×al attent×on to foster my manager×al ab×l×ty, coord×nate ab×l×ty and cooperat×ve ab×l×ty. So × have done lots of jobs r×ng my college l×fe, such as work×ng as a student secretary of the college of fore×gn stud×es, an Engl×sh tra×n×ng teacher of ×nfo Tech Essent×als, ×nc. HuangSh× Branch, a pr×vate tutor. × have not only done a good job but also have leant a lot from such exper×ences.

Moreover, my self-conf×dence, ×nstry, and enthus×asm as well as great pass×on pave the way for conquer×ng the d×ff×cult×es wh×ch would occur ×n future work.

All ×n all, please do bel×eve × am competent enough and × can feel up to th×s pos×t×on. × am pos×t×ve about a success ×n th×s post.

Your s×ncerely,

xxxx

大學英文求職信 篇9

dear sir or madam,

i am applying for the position of secretary advertised in beijing today. i majored in business english. my training in business english and secretarial english will definitely meet your qualifications.

i』ll graate form beijing university in june XX. in addition to the required courses of my major, i』ve studied computer as my second major. i』ve also had a part-time job as a secretary in a company for 2 years. i am confident that my qualifications and experience make me suitable for this position.

i have enclosed a complete resume for detailed information. i hope you will consider me for this position. please reach me by telephone xxx

yours

大學英文求職信 篇10

Dear S×r/Madam,

My name ×s xxxx and × w×ll graate from X×Hua Un×vers×ty ×n the year of 20xx. My major ×s secretary ×n Engl×sh department.

×t』s my great pleasure to have th×s opportun×ty to ×mprove our mutual understand×ng. Dur×ng the three –year college study,× tr×ed my best to learn all k×nds of knowledge,and we×gh the hard work of my teachers and myself; × have mastered Engl×sh l×sten×ng,speak×ng,wr×t×ng and read×ng sk×lls.

Moreover,× have a good command of Bus×ness Engl×sh and the bas×c theory,publ×c relat×onsh×p of secretary.Meanwh×le, ×n order to enlarge my knowledge, × always read some newspapers and magaz×nes about bus×ness and trade,and × used to do some representat×ve of bus×ness ×n my spare t×me. At the same t×me, × learnt computer sk×lls r×ng my summer vacat×on,and now ×』m fam×l×ar w×th Off×ce 20xx. ×t ×s my three –year college l×fe that makes me form my l×fe att×tude. Also my three-year college l×fe that makes me r×ch ×n knowledge,and ×t』s also my three-year college l×fe that makes me form my l×fe att×tude. Honesty, Trust, D×l×gence ×s pr×nc×ple of how to be a man.

As a college graate,× bel×eve 「where there ×s a w×ll, there ×s a way」, and × w×ll try my best to do a good job ×n my bus×ness. So × s×ncerely hope that × can make a pos×t×on ×n your company so that × can serve for the company ×n the future.

Yours fa×thfully,

xxx

;

Ⅳ 英語高手幫忙一下!!

1、The shop opens ________ 9:00 am and 10:00 pm ________ Saturday and Sunday.
選B.between … on
原因:A.from … to 其所修飾的成分必須是同一屬性,故排除。
C.at …in 「at」後一般跟具體的時間,根據題意,商店不可能只在早上9點和晚上10點,這兩個的准點時間開放,故不選為答案。
B.between … on 「between…and」是固定搭配,"on"可於星期搭配,表達為每逢……的時候,例如題中的"on Saturday and Sunday"即表達為每逢周六和周日。

2、A: Are there any Aerobics classes ________ the weekend?
B: Yes, we have Aerobics classes ________ Saturday and Sunday.
選A.at … on
原因:"at the weekend"為固定搭配,"on Saturday and Sunday"與第一題原因相同。

3、A: ________ was there? B: Tim Brown.
選C.Who
原因:回答是人名,就要用Who來提問。

4、Mary is ________ website design than John.
選B.less experienced at
原因:題中的"than"提示了要使用比較級或最高級,由於題中就出現2個人,所以只需用比較級,故排除C.experienced for 。
"be experienced at"為固定片語,且比較符合題意,故選擇B.less experienced at

5、Our classroom is ________ than ________.
選C.brighter …
原因:本題與第4題相同,需要使用比較級,故排除B.bright … their
比較的物體在屬性上要求相同,所以"than"後面也應該是"classroom",故選擇theirs不選them,從而排除。A.brighter … them

6、The employees』 ________ in that company range from 1,000 RMB to 6,000 RMB a month.
選B.salaries
原因:C.savings 是存款的意思,與題意不符
A.wages雖然也有工資的意思,但是有偏向於臨時性質的工資,也與題意不符。
B.salaries可翻譯為月薪,由題中的"a month"提示使用B比較何時。

7、There is enough time for you to catch the bus, you ________ in a hurry.

原因:"need"可做情態動詞也可作不及物動詞。本題中,它充當的是不及物動詞,故選擇C.don』t need to

8、He is ________ a sportsman.
選C.as strong as
原因:"as...as"和……一樣,後面可直接跟名詞。A.strong enough應該跟一個不定式to do sth。B.strong like沒有這種說法

9、Let』s ________ housewarming party.
選A.have
原因:"let's + do sth"為固定搭配。

10、A: Shall we play tennis? B: ________.
選A.That』s a good idea.
原因:B.Yes, let』s.句子成分不完整,故不選。
C.OK.沒有準確表達贊成與否,故不選

11、James is ________ French than Polly.
選A.a bit better at
原因:本題依然是考核比較級。"good"為單音節單詞,在比較級時直接使用其比較級,不需要用"more"來表示。

12、This watch is ________ that one.
選A.as expensive as
原因:同第8題

13、A: Should I take some medicine? B: No, you don』t ________ to take any medicine.
選C.need
原因:A.should 本應該做,不合題意。
B.must 必須做,否定式代表禁止,不合題意。
利用排除法,故選C。

14、John is ________ interested in computers than I am.
選A.more
原因:B.worse是用於形容不好的,與題意不符。
C.much用於形容程度,一般用於修飾比較級,不單獨使用。
由於"than"的出現,故選擇A。

15、Rose is ________ easy-going than Frank in the interview.
選C.much more
原因:見第14題

16、Would you like to ________ a reservation for dinner in the restaurant this evening?
選A.make
原因:"make a reservation"預訂的意思,固定搭配。

17、Mary is ________ in maths than John.
選B.less interested
原因:還是比較級的問題。

18、A: ________ you like a drink? Wine? Beer? B: A beer, please.
選B.Would
原因:"would you like"固定搭配。

19、I』d like to ________ you to a party this Saturday.
選B.invite
原因:"invite sb. to a party",邀請某人參加聚會。

20、A: Which city is ________, Beijing or London?
選B.colder
原因:"cold"是單音節單詞,所以比較級只要在後面加"-er"就可以了。

以上為本人愚見,如有錯誤敬請糾正~~
謝謝指導

Ⅳ 美國文化

美國
全稱: 美利堅合眾國USA(United States of America )

國歌:星條旗之歌("the star-spangled banner"曾譯《星條旗》歌),歌詞是一位名叫弗朗西斯·斯科特·基的美國律師在英美戰爭時,透過戰場上的硝煙看到星條旗經過英軍炮轟後仍在要塞上空高高飄揚時感慨萬分而即景寫下的。曲譜是「進行曲之王」蘇薩的著名代表作。《星條旗永不落》於1931年被美國國會正式定為國歌。

國旗:星條旗。呈橫長方形,長與寬之比為19:10。主體由13道紅、白相間的寬條組成,7道紅條,6道白條;旗面左上角為藍色長方形,其中分9排橫列著50顆白色五角星。紅色象徵強大和勇氣,白色代表純潔和清白,藍色象徵警惕、堅韌不拔和正義。13道寬條代表最早發動獨立戰爭並取得勝利的13個州,50顆五角星代表美利堅合眾國的州數。1818年美國國會通過法案,國旗上的紅白寬條固定為13道,五角星數目應與合眾國州數一致。每增加一個州,國旗上就增加一顆星,一般在新州加入後的第二年7月4日執行。至今國旗上已增至50顆星,代表美國的50州。每年6月14日為「美國國旗制定紀念日」。在這一天,美國各地舉行紀念活動,以示對國旗的敬重和對合眾國的熱愛。

國徽:主體為一隻胸前帶有盾形圖案的白頭海雕(禿鷹)。白頭海雕是美國的國鳥,它是力量、勇氣、自由和不朽的象徵。盾面上半部為藍色橫長方形,下半部為紅、白相間的豎條,其寓意同國旗。鷹之上的頂冠象徵在世界的主權國家中又誕生一個新的獨立國家——美利堅合眾國;頂冠內有13顆白色五角星,代表美國最初的13個州。鷹的兩爪分別抓著橄欖枝和箭,象徵和平和武力。鷹嘴叼著的黃色綬帶上用拉丁文寫著「合眾為一」,意為美利堅合眾國由很多州組成,是一個完整的國家。

國花:玫瑰花,象徵著美麗、芬芳、熱忱和愛情。1985年經參議院通過定為國花。

國石:藍寶石

國鳥:白頭海雕(禿鷹)。美國是世界上最先確定國鳥的國家。白頭雕最早出現於美國的旗幟上是在獨立戰爭期間。1776年7月4日第二次大陸會議發表了《獨立宣言》並決定新生的美國必須有一個特殊的國徽。1782年6月20日,美國國會通過決議,把北美洲特有的白頭海雕作為美國的國鳥,並把這種鳥作為國徽圖案的主體。白頭雕外觀美麗、性情兇猛,頭上有豐滿的羽毛,它的最大特點是兩頭白,即白頭白尾。它代表著勇猛、力量和勝利。

國名釋義:美國因洲名而得名。在英語中,亞美利加和美利堅為同一詞「America」,只是漢譯不同,前者指全美洲,後者指美國。

首都:華盛頓(哥倫比亞特區 )
最大城市:紐約市 .紐約是美國人口最多的城市,也是最大的海港,世界四大金融中心之一,曼哈頓區是紐約的象徵。
官方語言:美式英語(非法定)
政治體制:聯邦共和制 自由民主制
現任總統:喬治·沃克·布希 (George Walker Bush)
國慶日:7月4日(美國獨立日,1776年)

獨立
宣布獨立 1776年7月4日
承認獨立 1783年9月3日

面積
總 計 9,631,420 km²
水域率 4.87%

人口
2006年估計 300,000,000人(第3名)
密度 32/km²(第140名)

GDP(PPP) 2006年估計
總計 13.05萬億美元(第1名)
每人 43555 美元(第3名)

HDI(2003年) 0.944(第10名) – 高
貨幣 美元
時區 UTC-5 至 -10
夏時制 UTC-4 至 -10
國際域名縮寫 .us .gov .e .mil .um
國際電話區號 +1

美國本土東瀕大西洋,西臨太平洋,北靠加拿大,南接墨西哥及墨西哥灣。其首都為華盛頓(哥倫比亞特區)。

美國源自於1776年從英國統治下脫離而出的北美殖民地,13州的殖民地代表們一同發表了《美國獨立宣言》,在經歷艱苦的獨立戰爭後,於1783年與英國簽訂了巴黎協約,從此受到世界各國的承認。

政治

美國是現存歷史最悠久的憲政立憲共和國,有世界上最早並仍在運作的成文《憲法》。在《憲法》授權下,政府通過國會運作代議民主制。政府分為三級架構:聯邦、州和地方政府。三級政府中的官員由選民進行不記名投票選舉產生,或者由民選官員任命。行政長官和立法機構官員從單一選區多數制選舉產生,司法系統和內閣官員由行政長官任命並經立法機構批准產生。在某些州,司法系統官員也通過多數制選舉產生。
聯邦政府本身有三個分支,互相制約和平衡:
立法機關:即國會,由眾議院和參議院兩部分組成;
行政機關:即總統,總統提名和參議院批準的內閣官員及其下屬,負責行使基於聯邦法律的治理權;
司法機關:即最高法院和較低級別的聯邦法院,法官由總統提名並參議院批准。
美國國會實行兩院立法體制。眾議院設435個席位代表各自的國會選區,任期2年。眾議院席位根據人口分布,每10年重新劃分一次,每個州最少都會分配到1個眾議院席位:目前有7個州只有1個議席,人口最多的加利福尼亞州則有高達53個議席。而無論人口眾寡,每個州在參議院都有2個席位,加起來共一百席,任期6年;每隔2年,重選三分之一的參議員。
在聯邦體制內,州與聯邦政府的關系很復雜。根據美國法律,各州是主權實體。然而,在美國內戰和「德克薩斯對懷特案」建立的規則是,州無權脫離聯邦;根據憲法,也無外交權。美國聯邦法律在經過憲法授權的領域要高於各州所制訂的不同的法律,但是聯邦政府的權力只能在憲法規定的范圍之內行使;所有未授予聯邦政府的權力由州政府和人民自行保留。
美國憲法以及權利法案等一系列修正案致力維護公民自由:包括言論、宗教信仰和出版自由;接受公正審判的權利;擁有和攜帶武器的權利;選舉和財產權。雖然美國所珍視的西方意識形態追求人權,在具體實踐中也有爭議:直到1964年《民權法案》才立法禁止種族歧視。
一般而言,州內事務的主導權完全在各州政府手中。這包括了內部通訊;關於財產、工業、商業以及公共設施的法規;州的相關法律,諸如死刑;以及州內部的工作情況。很多州立的法律在各州之間都十分相似。在還有一些領域中州的管轄權與聯邦政府的管轄權有重疊。
最近幾年,聯邦政府在醫療、教育、福利、交通、住宅以及城市發展等領域開始扮演越來越重要的角色。各州的憲法與聯邦憲法基本相符,除了在一些細節上有所不同,其中包括了人權和政府組織。而在商業、金融、公共服務和福利機構等方面,州憲法往往比聯邦憲法更為詳細。
美國的聯邦和州政府主要有兩個政黨競爭:共和黨和民主黨。一些小黨的參選人有時也有可能當選。中間偏右的共和黨通常在社會議題上屬於社會保守派、在經濟議題上屬於古典自由主義。中間偏左的民主黨通常在社會議題上屬於自由派、在經濟議題上屬於進步主義。美國人一般會傾向支持兩黨中的其中一個,不過一些人也會支持獨立的小政黨和候選人,包括了自由黨、綠黨、改革黨等。除了2001至2002年由民主黨在參議院暫時佔多數外,共和黨自從1994年以來一直保持在兩院的多數優勢,目前的總統喬治·沃克·布希屬於共和黨籍,而在2006年中期選舉後,情況又有了新的變化,民主黨取代共和黨成為參眾兩院的多數黨。

行政劃分

除夏威夷和阿拉斯加兩個州外,其餘48個州位於美洲大陸,並彼此相連,這些州又稱美國本土。一些人將阿拉斯加也視為「本土」州,因為雖然它和「下方的48州」之間被加拿大隔離,地理上她仍是北美大陸的一部分。所有這些用詞通常都包括華盛頓哥倫比亞特區。第五十個州夏威夷州則位於太平洋的群島上。
美國也佔有其他土地、地區、和佔領區,最特別的是美國首都華盛頓哥倫比亞特區,但本身卻沒有州的地位。其他的海外島嶼領土包括美屬薩摩亞、關島、北馬里亞納群島、波多黎各、和美屬維爾京群島。巴爾米拉環礁是美國唯一的合並領土,但目前並無人居住。美國本土外小島嶼則由加勒比海和太平洋的許多無人居住的島嶼組成。此外,自1898年始,美國在古巴的關塔納摩灣擁有一個龐大的海軍基地。
之前由美國佔領的地區包括巴拿馬運河區域,自1903年至1979年一直屬於美國領土。另外,菲律賓群島從1898年至1935年間也屬於美國領土,美國在那裡建立了菲律賓國協作為轉型至完全獨立的國家前的過渡形式,最後在1946年菲律賓正式獨立。
除了美國的實際州和領土外,有數個國家自願加入為美國的聯合邦(Associated States),包括了密克羅尼西亞聯邦(1986年以來)、帛琉(1994年以來)、以及馬紹爾群島(1986年以來),這些國家都保有國際法的主權以及對於國土的最高控制權力。不過,這些國家的政府都允許美國提供防衛和金融協助,美國也給予這些國家特殊待遇,提供許多加入美國國內政策計劃的機會,包括災害防治、救災、和重建等計劃。這些自由聯合邦都依賴美國提供的金融協助以維持政府運作和資金需求。

外交

美國具有全球性的經濟、政治和軍事影響力,其外交政策走向一直是世界關注和討論的焦點。美國的外交關系規模是全世界最為龐大的。幾乎所有的國家在華盛頓特區都設有大使館和派駐大使。以色列、英國、加拿大、和日本被視為是美國最親密的盟友。只有少數國家沒有與美國建立正式的外交關系,包括古巴、伊朗、朝鮮、索馬里和蘇丹。
美國革命期間,美國與一些歐洲國家建立了外交關系,說服了法國、西班牙、和荷蘭協助對抗英國。在接下來的開墾年代裡,美國一直在親法或親英兩個選擇間搖擺不定。當時美國對歐洲事務不願插手,專注於北美的疆土開拓。後來以門羅主義削弱歐洲在拉丁美洲的影響力,以確保在美洲地區事務的支配權。美國的擴張政策陸續引發了與墨西哥和西班牙的戰爭,兩戰均以美國的勝利告終。在南北戰爭中,美國指責英國和法國支援南部分裂的美利堅聯盟國、並試圖佔領墨西哥,但在內戰結束後,美國在北美洲的主導地位就再未受過挑戰。
隨著國力漸增,美國開始將注意力轉向海外,尤其是對外貿易的開拓。為此,美國佔領了太平洋的許多領土,包括夏威夷和菲律賓,迫使日本開放貿易,並與歐洲列強競爭在中國的影響力。第二次世界大戰後,美國在聯合國的創建上扮演了重要角色,並且成為安全理事會的五名永久會員之一。
冷戰期間,美國最初試圖限制蘇聯於世界各地的影響力。為了遏制蘇聯,美國、加拿大和10個西歐國家共同建立了北大西洋公約組織,以聯合盟國對抗任何向北美和歐洲的軍事入侵,後來又有14個歐洲國家陸續加入了這一共同防禦聯盟,包括土耳其和一些前華沙條約成員國以及部分前蘇聯加盟共和國。出於政治上的現實考量,美國也與對抗蘇聯的共產主義國家結盟,例如中蘇分裂後的中華人民共和國。近年來,美國專注於自身的邊界安全,防止非法移民和非法販毒進入國內—尤其是針對墨西哥和加勒比海國家。美國也致力於對抗恐怖主義和避免大規模殺傷性武器的擴散,但其主要目標仍為保護在國內外的國家利益以及公民安全。

軍事

美國軍隊分為四個軍種:陸軍、空軍、海軍和海軍陸戰隊,全都由國防部管理。海岸警衛隊在和平時期由國土安全部管轄,戰爭期間歸海軍部。
美軍雖然在20世紀到今天這100多年來經歷過了一戰、二戰,韓戰,越戰,科索沃戰爭,伊拉克戰爭等大小戰爭,多次參與聯合國維和行動如在海灣戰爭中將入侵科威特的伊拉克軍隊趕出科威特,但美軍因為這些戰爭、維和行動陣亡的士兵人數加起來的總和也不足50萬人,而美國本土幾乎沒幾個美國平民在1900年以來因戰爭原因死亡,可見美軍對內的保護和對外的科技軍事實力。
在蘇聯垮台後,美軍的軍事力量之強大,在全球沒有任何國家能比。美軍的特殊之處在於它能迅速將軍事力量投射至全球。雖然法國和英國也有一定的軍事投射力量,但美軍是唯一一支能在世界上任何一個國家、任何一個角落進行大規模區域戰爭的軍隊。美國也擁有世界上能夠使用的最龐大的核武器庫,並且是世界上唯一曾經在實戰中使用過核武器的國家,二戰末期在日本的廣島市、長崎市投下兩枚原子彈。
美軍的軍事潛力也表現在物流管理上,在這方面的龐大優勢使美軍能夠迅速集結部隊應付戰爭。美國空軍有C-5、C-17等巨型空運載具,並且裝備世界最先進的F-22猛禽戰斗機。美國海軍有12艘現役大型航空母艦,配合軍事力量投射的原則,使美軍能對任何可能的威脅作出迅速反應。美國在1949年4月4日加入地區性軍事防衛組織北大西洋公約組織,也使美國本土有了一層除美軍外的軍事保護屏障。
美國軍隊目前有現役軍人140萬,另有幾十萬預備役部隊和國民警衛隊兵員。美國實行志願兵役制度,在戰時曾實施過義務兵役。美國的軍事開支名列世界第一,2005年的軍費超過緊隨其後的14個國家的總和。然而,美國的軍事預算僅占其GDP的4%。美國在全球有七百多個軍事基地,包括在和美國沒有外交關系的古巴也有軍事基地,遍及除南極洲外的各大洲。
比起冷戰期間,由於政治制度內部的軍事思想變化,美國對軍事上的開支和態度已經改變許多。單純以物質資源衡量,美軍目前的開銷小於20年前的規模。然而,美軍依然被世界視為訓練有素、裝備最為先進的部隊。與潛在的敵手相比,美軍在科技上擁有絕對優勢,這種優勢是經過常年的大量研究投資所累積的。與國防相關的研究促成了許多技術突破,包括太空探險、電腦、網際網路、超文本系統、核能源、全球定位系統、低可偵測性、防彈背心、甚至是微波爐,以及近來致力開發的雷射武器。對美軍而言,這些在科技研究經費通常高於戰斗人員開支。軍事技術與民間經濟保持了緊密的連結,促成了美國的科技和經濟發展,經由技術轉移,其他國家往往也因此受益。

歷史
殖民時期以前(1607以前)
在兩萬多年前, 有一批來自亞洲的流浪者, 經由北美到中南美洲, 這些人就是印第安人的祖先. 當哥倫布發現新大陸時, 居住在美洲的印第安人, 約有2,000萬, 其中有大約100萬人住在現在的加拿大和美國中北部, 其餘絕大部分住在現在的墨西哥和美國南部. 大約1萬年前, 又有另一批亞洲人, 移居到北美北部, 這是後來的愛斯基摩人. 而最早到美洲的白種人大概是維京人, 他們是一群喜好冒險的捕漁人, 有人認為他們在1,000年前,曾到過北美東海岸. 殖民時期(1607~1753) 1607年, 一個約一百人的殖民團體, 在乞沙比克海灘建立了詹姆士鎮, 這是英國在北美所建的第一個永久性殖民地. 在以後150年中, 陸續涌來了許多的殖民者, 定居於沿岸地區, 其中大部分來自英國, 也有一部分來自法國、德國、荷蘭、愛爾蘭和其他國家. 18世紀中葉, 13個英國殖民地逐漸形成, 他們在英國的最高主權下有各自的政府和議會. 這13個殖民區因氣候和地理環境的差異, 造成了各地經濟形態、政治制度與觀念上的差別.
獨立運動(1754~1783)
18世紀中葉, 英國在美洲的殖民地與英國之間, 已有了裂痕. 殖民地的擴張, 使他們產生某種自覺, 自覺到英國的迫害, 而萌生獨立的念頭. 1774年, 來自12州的代表, 聚集在費城, 召開所謂第一次大陸會議, 希望能尋出一條合理的途徑, 與英國和平解決問題, 然而英王卻堅持殖民地必須無條件臣服於英王, 並接受處分. 1775年, 在麻州點燃戰火, 5月, 召開第二次大陸會議, 堅定了戰爭與獨立的決心, 並發表有名的獨立宣言, 提出充分的理由來打這場仗, 這也是最後致勝的要素. 1781年, 美軍贏得了決定性的勝利, 1783年, 美英簽定巴黎條約, 結束了獨立戰爭.
組成新政府(1784~1819)
革命的成功, 使美國人民有了以立法形式表達他們政治觀念的機會. 1787年, 在費城舉行聯邦會議, 會中華盛頓被推為主席, 他們採取一項原則, 即中央的權力是一般性的, 但必須有審慎的規定和說明, 同時, 他們也接受一項事實, 那就是全國性政府必須有稅收、鑄造貨幣、調整商業、宣戰及締結條約的權力. 此外, 為了防止中央權力過大, 而採取孟德斯鳩的均權政治學說, 即政府中設置三個平等合作與制衡的部門, 即立法、行 政、司法三種權力相互調和, 制衡而不使任何一權占控制地位.
向西擴張(1820~1849)
19世紀初期, 數以千計的人, 越過阿帕拉契山, 向西移動, 有些開拓者, 移居到美國的邊界, 甚至深入屬於墨西哥的領地、以及介於阿拉斯加與加利福尼亞的俄勒岡. 開拓者勇敢、勤奮地向西尋求更好的生活.
南北沖突(1850~1869)
引起內戰的原因, 不單是經濟上、政治上、軍事上的問題, 還包括了思想上的沖突. 內戰暴露了美國的弱點. 對這個國家的存在, 作了一番考驗. 經過了這次考驗, 美國才步向一個中央集權化之現代國家的坦途. 南北之間, 為奴隸問題而起爭執, 南方在全國政治上的主要方針, 就在保護和擴大"棉花與奴隸"制度所代表的利益;而北部各州, 主要是製造業、商業和 金融的中心, 這些生產無需依賴奴隸, 這種經濟上和政治上的沖突都是由來已久的. 1860年代初期, 11個南方的州脫離聯邦, 另組政府, 北方則表示, 為了統一將不惜付出任何代價. 1861年, 內戰爆發了, 這場美國人面對面的流血戰, 打了四年, 南方遭到嚴重的破壞, 而且留下深深的傷痕. 1865年, 北方戰勝了, 這項勝利不但顯示美國恢復統一, 而且, 從此全國各地不再施行奴隸制度.
工業化與改革(1870~1929)
19世紀初期, 美國開始工業化, 而內戰之後, 則步入成熟階段. 在從內戰至第一次世界大戰的不到50年時間內, 她從一個農村化的共和國變成了城市化的國家. 機器代替了手工,產品大量增加. 全國性的鐵道網, 增進了貨品流通. 應大眾的需要, 許多新發明應市了. 銀行業提供貸款, 促成工商業經營的擴大. 故從1890到1917年的近30年間被稱為所謂"進步時期", 1914 年, 世界大戰爆發, 1917年,美國終於被捲入大戰漩渦中, 並且在世界上嘗試扮演新的角色。在
第二次世界大戰(1930~1959)
經濟大恐慌, 影響的不只是美國, 世界各國都受到它的打擊, 經濟大恐慌, 使上百萬的工人失業, 大批的農人被迫放棄耕地, 工廠商店關門, 銀行倒閉,一片蕭條. 1932年, 羅斯福當選總統, 他主張政府應拿出行動來結束經濟大恐慌, 新政府雖然解決了許多的困難, 但美國的經濟還是要到二次大戰, 才蘇醒起來. 第二次世界大戰之後, 美蘇兩國, 關系日趨惡化, 分別在軍事、政治、經濟、宣傳各方面, 加緊准備, 一如戰時, 這種狀態, 被稱為"冷戰".
70年代中期, 經濟一度復甦, 但到70年代未期, 又出現通貨膨脹. 1976年, 美國建國200周年, 全國舉行各項慶祝活動. 1981年4月12日, 美國成功地發射"哥倫比亞號"太空梭, 將人類又帶入另一個太空新紀元. 1985年, 里根連任總統, 在日新月異的人類發展史中,美國將展開新的一頁.

經濟

縱觀美國經濟史,是一個從成功的殖民地經濟於20世紀過渡到世界最大的工業國的歷程。
美國的經濟體系兼有資本主義和混合經濟的特徵。在這個體系內,企業和私營機構做主要的微觀經濟決策,政府在國內經濟生活中的角色較為次要;然而,各級政府的總和卻佔GDP的36%;在發達國家中,美國的社會福利網相對較小,政府對商業的管制也低於其他發達國家。
在全國各地區,經濟活動重心不一。例如:紐約市是金融、出版、廣播和廣告等行業的中心;洛杉磯是電影和電視節目製作中心;舊金山灣區和太平洋沿岸西北地區是技術開發中心;中西部是製造業和重工業中心,底特律是著名的汽車城,芝加哥是該地區的金融和商業中心;東南部以醫葯研究、旅遊業和建材業為主要產業,並且由於其薪資成本低於其他地區,因此持續的吸引製造業的投資。
美國的服務業占最大比重,全國四分之三的勞力從事服務業。美國擁有豐富的礦產資源,包括了黃金、石油和鈾,然而許多能源的供應都依賴於外國進口。美國是全球最大的農業出口國之一,主要農產品包括了玉米、小麥、糖和煙草,中西部大平原地區驚人的農業產量使其被譽為「世界糧倉」。美國工業產品主要包括了汽車、飛機和電子產品。美國也有發達的旅遊業,排名世界第三。美國也是飛機、鋼鐵、軍火和電子器材的主要輸出國。
美國最大的貿易夥伴是毗鄰的加拿大(19%),中國(12%)、墨西哥(11%)和日本(8%)緊隨其後,每天大約有價值高達11億美元的產品流經美加的國界。美國經濟被認為是世界上最大也是最重要的經濟體。美國經濟高度發達,全球多個國家的貨幣與美元掛鉤,而美國的證券市場被認為是世界經濟的晴雨表。
雖然美國的人均收入名列世界前茅,但財富相對集中,與西歐相比,40%的人口相對更為貧困,而前20%的人則更富裕。自1975年以來,社會流動程度較低,勞動力市場兩極化,經濟增長的成果流向收入較高的20%的家庭,這種差距是因為相對而言更高的經濟自由所產生的。不過,如同基尼系數顯示的,美國的家庭平均收入仍遠高於絕大多數的工業化國家。而且在聯合國發表的《2006年人類發展報告》當中的美國的人類發展指數中,美國最窮的20%的人的人類發展指數也與自稱「社會主義優越性」的共產主義國家古巴的人類發展指數相同。
自從1980年代隆納·里根的總統任期以來,美國增加了對新自由主義經濟政策的運用,減少政府對經濟的干預、並減少福利制度的規模,拋棄了自經濟大恐慌以來長期實行的、偏向干涉主義的凱恩斯派經濟政策。也因此,美國政府在社會福利方面提供的服務比其他工業化國家都要少,降低國內的稅賦,並更依賴於自由市場和私營的慈善機構上。

科學和科技

美國在科學和技術研究,以及技術產品創新方面都是最具影響力的國家之一。人類工業史上許多最重要的發明,包括了軋棉機、通用零件、生產線等都是源自美國,其中工業的生產線尤其重要,它使得工業的大量生產從夢想變為真實。其他重要的發明還包括飛機、電燈泡、電話。美國還在20世紀策畫了著名的曼哈頓原子彈計劃、阿波羅登月計劃和人類基因組計劃。在二次大戰時期,美國最早研製出原子彈,將人類科技帶入原子時代的新紀元。冷戰開始後,美國最先在太空科學和技術領域取得成功,在太空競賽中領跑,從而導致了火箭技術、武器研究、材料科學和計算機等領域的重大進步,1969年7月,當尼爾·阿姆斯特朗從阿波羅11號飛船中走出,成為踏上月球的第一人時,標志著競賽達到巔峰。美國為計算機與網際網路發展史上貢獻至豐,包括二戰中發明的計算機、初期的軍事化應用,到今日個人電腦發展與革新,美國國防部創辦的ARPA網是網路技術的先驅。
在科學研究方面,美國學者贏得了大量的諾貝爾獎,特別是在生物和醫學領域。國家健康研究中心是美國生物醫學的聚焦點,業已完成人類基因組計劃,使人類對腫瘤、阿茲海默病等疾病的治癒研究進入重要階段。航空和航天研究的政府機構是美國國家航空航天局。波音公司和洛克希德·馬丁公司之類的私營企業也扮演了重要角色。

交通運輸

由於汽車產業在美國的發展相當早(比較起其他西方國家),美國許多城市的發展都提前顧慮到了將城市和住宅區搭配道路網路的設計。為了連結廣闊的國土,美國設計並建造了高通行量、高速度的高速公路,美國的國家交通系統主要便是依賴這些高速公路網。當中最重要的是州際高速公路系統的建設。這些高速公路在1950年代經由當時的總統德懷特·艾森豪威爾授權建造。根據2004年的數據,美國的公路總長為6,407,637公里,名列世界第一。
美國雖然曾經是英國的殖民地,但自美國從英國獨立後,因美國想與前宗主國英國劃清界線,加上「右上左落」(左駕右駛) 的法國間接支持美國獨立,所以不跟隨英國的「左上右落」(右駕左駛) 的原則,而將道路通行方向定為「右上左落」(左駕右駛),這個規劃亦影響其他國家,例如加拿大和中國。
大城市裡也有建設公共交通的系統,紐約市的地鐵網路是當中最大的,也是世界上載客量最為沉重的捷運網路之一。而區域鐵路和公共汽車網路則延伸至長島、紐約上州、新澤西州、和康乃狄克州,都成為了世界上載客量最大的交通網之一。但是普遍而言,美國城市的公共交通相對其他發達國家較為薄弱,人們出行更多的使用私人汽車。
美國建造了橫貫大陸的鐵路網路,用以在48個州之間運載貨物。美國鐵路公司(Amtrak)所建造的鐵路網也橫貫了48個州中的46個,專門用於客運用途。美國的鐵路貨運系統是世界最繁忙和先進的,且美國的鐵路總長度位居世界第一。然而美國鐵路的客運並不如西歐和日本那般發達,部分原因是出自美國國土的遼闊;若要到達數千英里以外的大城市,搭乘飛機會比搭乘鐵路還要省時。美國政府的分析便認為空中客運是導致客運鐵路公司在1970年代接連倒閉的主因。
空中運輸是長途旅行的更好選擇。以乘客量而言,在2004年全世界前30個最繁忙的機場中就有17個位於美國,包括了排名第一的亞特蘭大哈茲菲爾德-傑克遜國際機場。以運貨量而言,在同一年裡,全世界前30個最繁忙的貨運機場就有12個在美國,包括了排名第一的孟菲斯國際機場(MEM)。
許多世界上主要的港口也位於美國;最繁忙的是加利福尼亞州的洛杉磯港和長堤港,以及紐約港,它們全都是世界上最繁忙的港口。五大湖也有許多船運交通,每大湖都與密西西比河的河網路廣泛連接,河的最下游直通大西洋。而第一個連接五大湖與大西洋的伊利運河(Erie Canal)則促成了美國中西部的快速農業和工業發展,並使得紐約市成為美國的經濟中心。

地理

美國的國土面積是世界第三大,僅次於俄羅斯和加拿大。美國國土東至大西洋、西至太平洋、南至墨西哥灣、北至加拿大。阿拉斯加州也與加拿大接壤,南至太平洋而北至北冰洋。夏威夷州則處在太平洋的群島上,位於北美大陸的西南方。
美國國土地形變化多端,尤其是在西部。東海岸沿岸地區有著海岸平原,在南部較為寬廣,而在北部較為狹窄,海岸平原在新澤西州以北並不存在,不過在長島等地也有一些冰川沉積平原。

Ⅵ 日常生活中的英語單詞

一、 學慣用品 (school things)

pen鋼筆 pencil鉛筆 pencil-case鉛筆盒 ruler尺子 book書 bag包
comic book漫畫書 post card明信片 newspaper報紙
schoolbag書包 eraser橡皮 crayon蠟筆 sharpener卷筆刀
story-book故事書 notebook筆記本
Chinese book語文書 English book英語書 math book數學書
magazine雜志 dictionary詞典

二、 人體 (body)

foot腳 head頭 face臉 hair頭發 nose鼻子
mouth嘴 eye眼睛 ear耳朵 arm手臂 hand手 finger手指
leg腿 tail尾巴

三、 顏色 (colours)

red紅 blue藍 yellow黃 green綠 white白
black黑 pink粉紅 purple紫 orange橙 brown棕

四、 動物 (animals)

cat貓 dog狗 pig豬 ck鴨 rabbit兔 horse馬
elephant大象 ant螞蟻 fish魚 bird鳥 eagle鷹 beaver海狸
snake蛇 mouse老鼠 squirrel松鼠 kangaroo袋鼠 monkey猴 panda熊貓
bear熊 lion獅子 tiger老虎 fox狐狸 zebra斑馬 deer鹿 giraffe長頸鹿 goose鵝
hen母雞 turkey火雞 lamb小羊 sheep綿羊 goat山羊 cow奶牛 donkey驢 squid魷魚
lobster龍蝦 shark鯊魚 seal海豹 sperm whale抹香鯨 killer whale虎鯨

五、 人物 (people)

friend朋友 boy男孩 girl女孩 mother母親 father父親
sister姐妹 brother兄弟 uncle叔叔;
舅舅 man男人 woman女人 Mr.先生 Miss小姐 lady女士;
小姐 mom媽媽 dad爸爸 parents父母
grandparents祖父母
grandma/grandmother(外)祖母
grandpa/grandfather(外)祖父
aunt姑姑 cousin堂(表)兄弟;
堂(表)姐妹 son兒子 daughter女兒 baby嬰兒 kid小孩
classmate同學 queen女王 visitor參觀者 neighbour鄰居
principal校長 university student大學生
pen pal筆友 tourist旅行者
people人物
robot機器人

六、 職業 (jobs)

teacher教師 student學生 doctor醫生 nurse護士 driver司機 farmer農民
singer歌唱家 writer作家 actor男演員 actress女演員 artist畫家
TV reporter電視台記者 engineer工程師 accountant會計
policeman(男)警察
salesperson銷售員 cleaner清潔工
baseball player棒球運動員 assistant售貨員
police警察

七、 食品、飲料 (food & drink)

rice米飯 bread麵包 beef牛肉 milk牛奶 water水 egg蛋
fish魚 tofu豆腐
cake蛋糕
hot dog熱狗 hamburger漢堡包 French fries炸薯條
cookie曲奇 biscuit餅干 jam果醬
noodles面條
meat肉 chicken雞肉 pork豬肉 mutton羊肉
vegetable蔬菜 salad沙拉 soup湯
ice冰 ice-cream冰淇淋
Coke可樂 juice果汁 tea茶 coffee咖啡
breakfast早餐 lunch午餐 dinner/supper晚餐 meal一餐

八、 水果、蔬菜 (fruit & vegetables)

apple蘋果 banana香蕉 pear梨 orange橙 watermelon西瓜
grape葡萄 eggplant茄子 green beans青豆 tomato西紅柿
potato土豆
peach桃 strawberry草莓
cucumber黃瓜
onion洋蔥
carrot胡蘿卜 cabbage捲心菜

九、 衣服 (clothes)

jacket夾克衫 shirt襯衫 T-shirt丅恤衫
skirt短裙子 dress連衣裙
jeans牛仔褲 pants長褲 socks襪子 shoes鞋子
sweater毛衣 coat上衣
raincoat雨衣
shorts短褲
sneakers網球鞋 slippers拖鞋 sandals涼鞋 boots靴子
hat(有沿的)帽子 cap便帽
sunglasses太陽鏡
tie領帶
scarf圍巾
gloves手套
trousers褲子
cloth布

十、 交通工具 (vehicles)
bike自行車 bus公共汽車 train火車
boat小船 ship輪船 yacht快艇
car小汽車 taxi計程車 jeep吉普車 van小貨車;
plane/airplane飛機
subway / underground 地鐵
motor cycle摩托車

十一、雜物 (other things)

window窗戶 door門 desk課桌 chair椅子
bed床
computer計算機
board寫字板 fan風扇 light燈
teacher's desk講台 picture圖畫;照片
wall牆壁 floor地板
curtain窗簾 trash bin垃圾箱
closet壁櫥
mirror鏡子 end table床頭櫃
football/soccer足球 present禮物 walkman隨身聽
lamp台燈 phone電話 sofa沙發 shelf書架
fridge冰箱 table桌子 TV電視 air-conditioner空調
key鑰匙 lock鎖
photo照片 chart圖表
plate盤子 knife刀 fork叉 spoon勺子 chopsticks筷子 pot鍋
gift禮物 toy玩具 doll洋娃娃
ball球 balloon氣球
kite風箏 jigsaw puzzle拼圖游戲
box盒子
umbrella傘
zipper拉鏈
violin小提琴 yo-yo溜溜球
nest鳥窩 hole洞
tube管子 toothbrush牙刷
menu菜單
e-card電子卡片 e-mail電子郵件
traffic light交通燈
money錢
medicine葯

十二、地點 (locations)

home家 room房間 bedroom卧室
bathroom衛生間 living room起居室
kitchen廚房
classroom教室 school學校
park公園 library圖書館
post office郵局
police office警察局
hospital醫院
cinema電影院
bookstore書店
farm農場 zoo動物園 garden花園
study書房
playground操場
canteen食堂
teacher's office教師辦公室 library圖書館
gym體育館
washroom衛生間
art room繪畫教室 computer room計算機教室 music room音樂教室 TV room電視機房
flat公寓
company公司 factory工廠
fruit stand水果攤
pet shop寵物商店
nature park自然公園 theme park主題公園
science museum科學博物館
the Great Wall長城
supermarket超市
bank銀行
country國家
village鄉村 city城市
hometown家鄉
bus stop公交車站

十三、課程 (classes)

sports體育運動
science科學
Moral Ecation思想品德課
Social Studies社會課
Chinese語文 math數學
PE體育課
English英語課

十四、國家、城市 (countries & cities)

China/PRC中國
America/USA美國
UK聯合王國
England英國
Canada/CAN加拿大
Australia澳大利亞
New York紐約
London倫敦
Sydney悉尼
Moscow莫斯科
Cairo開羅

十五、氣象 (weather)

cold寒冷的 warm溫暖的
cool涼爽的
snowy下雪的
sunny晴朗的
hot炎熱的
rainy下雨的
windy有風的
cloudy多雲的
weather report天氣預報
rain雨
cloud雲
sun太陽
mountain山
sky天空
rainbow彩虹
wind風
air空氣
moon月亮
十六、景物 (nature)

river河流 lake湖泊 stream河;溪
forest森林
path小道
road公路
house房子
bridge橋
building建築物
十七、植物 (plants)

flower花 grass草
tree樹
seed種子 sprout苗
plant植物
rose玫瑰 l
eaf葉子

十八、星期 (week)

Monday星期一 Tuesday星期二
Wednesday星期三 Thursday星期四
Friday星期五 Saturday星期六
Sunday星期天
weekend周末

十九、月份 (months)

Jan. (January)一月
Feb.(February)二月
Mar.(March)三月
April四月
May五月
June六月
July七月
Aug.(August)八月
Sept.(September)九月
Oct.(October)十月
Nov.(November)十一月
Dec.(December)十二月

二十、季節 (seasons)

spring春 summer夏
fall/autumn秋 winter冬

二十一、方位 (directions)

south南 north北
east東 west西
left 左邊 right右邊

二十二、患病 (illness)

have a fever發燒
hurt疼痛
have a cold感冒
have a toothache牙疼
have a headache頭疼
have a sore throat喉嚨疼

二十三、數詞 (numbers)

one一 two二 three三 four四 five五 six六 seven七 eight八 nine九 ten十
eleven十一 twelve十二 thirteen十三 fourteen十四 fifteen十五
sixteen十六 seventeen十七 eighteen十八 nineteen十九 twenty二十
thirty三十 forty四十 fifty五十 sixty六十 seventy七十 eighty八十 ninety九十
forty-two四十二
hundred百
one/a hundred and thirty-six一百三十六
first第一 second第二 third第三 fourth第四 fifth第五 eighth第八 ninth第九
twelfth第十二
twentieth第二十
thirtieth第三十 fortieth第四十 fiftieth第五十
sixtieth第六十 seventieth第七十 eightieth第八十 ninetieth第九十
fifty-sixth第五十六

二十四、形容詞 (adj.)

big大的 small小的
long長的 tall高的
short短的;矮的
young年輕的 old舊的;老的
strong健壯的 thin瘦的
active積極活躍的 quiet安靜的
nice好看的
kind和藹親切的 strict嚴格的 smart聰明的 funny滑稽可笑的 tasty好吃的 sweet甜的 salty鹹的 sour酸的 fresh新鮮的 favourite最喜愛的 clean干凈的 tired疲勞的 excited興奮的 angry生氣的 happy高興的 bored無聊的 sad憂愁的 taller更高的 shorter更矮的 stronger更強壯的 older年齡更大的 younger更年輕的 bigger更大的 heavier更重的 longer更長的 thinner更瘦的 smaller更小的 good好的 fine好的 great很好的 heavy 重的 new新的 fat胖的 happy快樂的 right對的 hungry飢餓的 cute逗人喜愛的 little小的 lovely可愛的 beautiful漂亮的 colourful色彩鮮艷的 pretty漂亮的 cheap便宜的 expensive昂貴的 juicy多汁的 tender嫩的 healthy健康的 ill有病的 helpful有幫助的 high高的 easy簡單的 proud驕傲的 sick有病的 better更好的 higher更高的
二十五、介詞 (prep.)
in在……里 on在……上;在……時候 under在……下面 near在……的旁邊 behind在……後邊 next to與……相鄰 over在……上面 in front of在……前面
二十六、代詞 (pron.)
I我 we我們 you你;你們 he他 she她 it它 they他(她,它)們 my我的 our 我們的 your你的;你們的 his他的 her她的
二十七、動詞 (v.)
play(.ed)玩;踢 swim(swam)游泳 skate滑冰 fly(flew)飛 jump跳 walk走 run(run)跑 climb爬 fight(fought)打架 swing(swung)盪 eat(ate)吃 sleep(slept)睡覺 like像,喜歡 have(had)有;吃 turn轉彎 buy(bought)買 take(took)買;帶 live居住 teach(taught)教 go(went)去 study(studied)學習 learn學習 sing(sang)唱歌 dance跳舞 row劃 do(did)做 do homework做作業 do housework做家務 watch TV看電視 read(read) books讀書 cook the meals做飯 water the flowers澆花 sweep(swept) the floor掃地 clean the bedroom打掃卧室 make(made) the bed鋪床 set(set) the table擺飯桌 wash the clothes洗衣服 do the dishes洗碗碟 use a computer使用計算機 do morning exercises晨練;做廣播操 eat breakfast吃早飯 eat dinner吃晚飯 go to school上學 have English class上英語課 play sports進行體育運動 get(got)up起床 climb mountains爬山 go shopping買東西 play the piano彈鋼琴 visit grandparents看望(外)祖父母 go hiking去遠足 fly kites放風箏 make a snowman堆雪人 plant trees種樹 draw(drew) pictures畫畫 cook dinner做飯 read a book看書 answer the phone接電話 listen to music聽音樂 clean the room打掃房間 write(wrote) a letter寫信 write an e-mail寫電子郵件 drink(drank) water喝水 take pictures照相 watch insects觀察昆蟲 pick up leaves採摘樹葉 do an experiment做實驗 catch butterflies捉蝴蝶 count insects數昆蟲 collect insects收集昆蟲 collect leaves收集樹葉 write a report寫報告 play chess下棋 have a picnic舉行野餐 get to到達 ride(rode) a bike騎自行車 play the violin拉小提琴 make kites製作風箏 collect stamps集郵 meet(met)見面 welcome歡迎 thank謝謝 love愛 work工作 drink(drank)喝 taste嘗 smell聞 feed(fed)喂養 shear剪 milk擠奶 look看 guess猜 help幫助 pass傳遞 show展示 use使用 clean打掃 open打開 close關上 put放 paint繪畫 tell(told)告訴 kick踢 bounce反彈 ride(rode)騎 stop(stopped)停 wait等 find(found)尋找到 drive(drove)駕駛 fold折 send(sent)寄 wash洗 shine照耀 become變成 feel(felt)感覺到 think(thought)思考 meet(met)遇見 fall(fell)落下 leave(left)離開 wake(woke) up醒來 put on穿上 take off脫掉 hang up掛起 wear(wore)穿 go home回家 go to bed上床睡覺 play computer games玩電腦游戲 play chess下棋 empty the trash倒垃圾 put away the clothes收拾衣服 get off下車 take a trip去旅行 read a magazine閱讀雜志 go to the cinema去看電影 go straight向前直走

Ⅶ APA格式引用沒有標明作者,只有組織和最新更新時間的網頁,在文章中和文章後要怎麼標

當你直接引用原作者的一段話語而不做任何修改時,一定要用雙引號,即使用signal phrase(簡稱sp)格式介紹引用。格式要求:作者(時間)+引用語+圓括弧中頁碼。如果你在sp中沒有提到作者的姓名,請在整個應用的最後面統一用圓括弧寫出作者姓氏,時間,以及頁碼)。

Apa所需信息包括以signal phrase格式標出作者的姓氏,年份。註:頁碼或者其他形式的具體信息不必都有呈現,但至少應該有一項以確保讀者能對引用更加清楚。

當所引用的資料中出現兩個作者的時候,在每次引用時用(SP)格式寫出兩個作者的姓氏,年份或者每次引用時用圓括弧的形式(即使用括弧將信息在引用後列出)在最後寫出兩個作者的姓氏,年份,頁碼)註:在SP格式中使用連接詞「and」,在括弧中使用「&」。

(7)webaerobics擴展閱讀:

APA規范格式主要包括文內文獻引用(Reference Citations in Text)和文後參考文獻列舉(Reference List)兩大部分。

我們需要做的一大重點其實就是在找與所寫論文相關的各種資料時,不忘細心地將資源的相關要件(包括時間,作者,日期,出版社,書名,文章名,網址,甚至是網頁更新時間等等)記下來,然後按照規則格式標注在論文的文中及文後。

當你直接引用原作者的一段話語而不做任何修改時,一定要用雙引號,即使用signal phrase(以下簡稱sp)格式介紹引用。格式要求:作者(時間)+引用語+圓括弧中頁碼。如果你在sp中沒有提到作者的姓名,請在整個應用的最後面統一用圓括弧寫出作者姓氏,時間,以及頁碼)。

Ⅷ 歷年全國統一考試高考英語試卷【2021年整理】(7)

第三部分閱讀理解(共20小題;每小題2分,滿分40分)

閱讀下列短文,從每題所給的四個選項(A、B、C和D)中,選出最佳選項,並在答題卡上將該項塗黑。

A

F . Scott Fitzgerald, born on September 24,1896, an American novelist, was once a student of St.Paul Academy, the Newman School and attended Princeton. University for a short while. In 1917 he joined the army and was posted in Alabama, where he met his future wife Zelda Sayre. Then he had to make some money to impress her.

His life with her was full of great happiness, as he wrote in his diary :「 My own happiness in the past often approached such joy that I could share it even with the person dearest to me but had to walk it away in quiet streets and take down parts of it in my diary.」

This side of paradise, his first novel, was published in 1920. encouraged by its success, Fitzgerald began to devote more time to his writing. Then he continued with the novel the Beautiful and Damned (1922), a collection of short stories Thales of the Jazz Age (1922), and a play The Vegetable (1923). But his greatest success was The Great Gatsby, published in 1925,which quick brought him praise from the literary world. Yet it failed to give him the needed financial security. Then, in 1926, he published another collection lf short stories All the Sad Young Men.

However, Fitzgerald』s problems with his wife Zelda affected his writing. During the 1920s he tried to reorder his life, but failed. By 1930, his wife had her first breakdown and went to a Swiss clinic. During this period he completed novels Tender Is the Night in 1934 and The love of the last Tycoon in 1940. while his wife was in hospital in the United States, he got totally addicted to alcohol. Sheila Graham, his dear friend, helped him fight his alcoholism.

56. How many novels written by Fitzgerald are mentioned in the passage ?

A. 5 B. 6 C. 7 D. 8

57. Which of the following is the correct order to describe Fitzgerald』s life according to the passage?

a. He became addicted to drinking.

b. He studied at St.Paul Academy.

c. He published his first novel This Side of Paradise.

d. The Great Gatsby won high praise.

e. He failed to reorder his life.

f. He joined the army and met Zelda.

A.f-c-e-a-b-d B. b-e-a-f-c-d C. f-d-e-c-b-a D. b-f-c-d-e-a

58. We can infer from the passage that Fitzgerald .

A. had made some money when he met Zelda in Alabama.

B. was well ecated and well off before he served in the army

C. would have completed more works if his wife hadn』t broken down

D. helped his friend get rid of drinking while his wife was in hospital

59. The passage is probably followed by a concluding paragraph about .

A. Zelda』s personal life

B. Zelda』s illness and treatment

C. Fitzgerald』s friendship with Graham

D. Fitzgerald』s contributions to the literary world

B

Forget Twitter and Facebook, Google and the Kindle. Television is still the nost influential medium around. Indeed ,fot many of the poorest regions(地區)of the world, it remains the next big thing——finally becomes globally available. And that is a good thing, because the TV revolution is changing lives for the better.

Across the developing world, around 45% of families had a TV in 1995; by 2005 the number had climbed above 60% . That is some way behind the U.S. ,where are more TVs than people, and where people now easily get access to the Internet. Five million more families in sub-Saharan Africa will ger a TV over the next five years. In 2005 , after the fall of the Taliban(塔利班),which had outlawed TV, I in 5Afghans had one. The global total is another 150 million by 2013——pushing the numbers to well beyond two thirds of families.

Television』s most powerful effect will be on the lives of women. In India, researchers Robert Jensen and Emily Oster foumd that when TVs reached village s, women were more likely to go to the market without their husbands approval and less likely to want a boy rather than a girl. They were more likely to make decisions over child health careTV is also a powerful medium for alt ecation. In the Indian state of Gujarat,Chitrageet is a popular show that plays Bollywood songs with words in Gujarati on the screen. Within six months, viewers had made a small but significant(有意義的) improvement in their reading skills.

Too much TV has been associated with violence, overweight and loneliness. However, TV is having a positive influence on the lives of billions worldwide.

60.The underlined word 「outlawed」 in paragraph 2 probably means 「 」.

A.allowed B.banned C.offered D.refused

61.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A.Americans used to get access to the Internet easily.

B.The world』sTV sets will total 150million by 2013.

C.45% of families in the developing countries had a TV in 2005.

D.Over two thirds of families in the world will have a TV by 2013.

62.The author intends to .

A.stress the advantages of TV t o people』s lives

B.persuade women to become more independnt

C.encourage people to improve their reading skills

D.introce the readers some websites such as Google

63.What would be the best title for the passage?

A.TV Will Rule the World B.TV Will Disturb the World

C.TV Will Better the World D.TV Will Remain in World

C

Businesses are witnessing a difficult time, which has in turn proced influence on consumers』 edsire to go green . However, shoppers are still laying stress on environmental concerns.

Two thirds of customers say that environmental considerations inform their purchases to the same degree as they did a year ago, while more than a quarter say that they are now even better aware of the environmental effect on what they buy.

This may help to influence how shops store goods on their shelves. And the companies should still make efforts to become more envitonmentally friendly. Two out of three people think it is important to buy from environmentally responsible companies,with about one in seven saying that they had even decided to take their custom elsewhere if they felt a company』s environmental reputation was not good enough.

Harry Morrison, chief executive(主管)of the Carbon Trust, sympathizes:「I understand this situation where survival is very important now. But from environmental considerations, the clocd is ticking—we don』t have much time. In addition, cutting carbon has an immediate effect as costs drop and a mediun-term benefit for the brand.」

Larger companies have an extra motivation to look at recing their carbon footprint, as new rules next year will require businesses bo buy carbon allowances to make up for their emissions(排放). Those that have taken early action will hav e a head start. More than two thirds of consumers are not clear about which companies are environmentally responsible. This suggests that firms that are able to relay clearly their message to the public will be in a pole position to attract shoppers.

The Carbon Trust believ es that it can help by informing customers about the good work companies are doing.「When companies are granted(授予)the standard, they can use a logo(標識)in all their marketing which makes it clear that they are working towards cutting emissions,」Mr.Morrison said.

64.What』s the main idea of the passage?

A.Businesses are finding ways to send their message to the shoppers.

B.Companies will soon get information about cutting carbon emissions.

C.Firms are making efforts to encourage customers to keep goods at home.

D.Firms are urged to cut carbon emissions by shoppers』environmental awareness.

65.The underlined word「inform」in Paragraph 2 probably means「 」.

A.affect B.change C.disturb D.reject

66.According to Harry Morrison, businesses .

A.will benefit from cutting carbon emissions

B.should buy carbon allowances for shoppers

C.are required to make up for their carbon emissions

D.have encouraged shoppers to take their custom elsewhere

67 .We can learn from the passage that businesses will .

A.have a strong desire to rece costs

B.use the same logo in their marketing

C.gain advantages by taking early action

D.attract more shoppers by storing goods

D

Columbus College , 241 Queen Elizabeth Drive ,Kowloon City

To: All Staff

From: Jakie Mok , Secretary;Sports Development Committee

Date: May 20, 2010

A week ago , 「Sports for Life」 pregramme was sent to the parents, requiring them to select a sport they wanted their child to play. Since then , our staff have received lots of calls from parents asking for more information about it . Here is a memo (備忘錄) for your reference when you answer the phones.

Sports 1:Basketball.

We expect that this will be the most popular of the four sports.Therefore, students should be advised to sign up as soon as possible . Students will take a prevate bus to and from Kwun Tong Sports Park .To cover the cost of hiring a bus ,each student will have to pay$10 each time. There will be four basketball courts available for our use with one teacher watching over each game .

Sports 2:Gym

We will be using St.Peter』s Memorial Park. There are two reasons for choosing theis park . Frist , it is not very busy and crowded before 6:00 pm. Second , it has lot of trees with plenty of shade. Students must bring along two bottles of water to prevent thirst.Three activities, skipping , jogging , outdoor aerobics (有氧運動),all of which are free of charge, will be arranged. And there will be a teacher on ty for each of the activities.

Sports 3: Hiking

Hiking(遠足)will take place at Kowloon Peak.The activitiy will start at 2:30 pm and finish 90 minutes later . Three teachers will accompany the students , and a hiking instructor will accompany each group of 15 hikers . Each instructor will cost $75/hr.

Sports 4:Swimming

The Kowloon City Aqueatic Centre is a 10-minute walk from our school. Four teachers will go to the pool and conct the goings-on from the poolside . We will only be able to reserve the pool for one hour(i.e. 2:45pm to 3:45pm).Only students skilful at swimming can take up this activity . The pool will have two lifuguards present. Girls must wear a swimming suit.The cost is $10 per visit.

68.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A.Students selecting basketball had better register early.

B.Students participating in gym should arrive at 6:00 pm.

C.Hiking usually begins at 2:30 pm and lasts 2 hours.

D.Students having swimming suits can take up swimming.

69.It can be inferred from the passage that

A.students taking part in basket ball will walk to the courts.

B.every student can gain admission to one of the four sports

C.hiking students can have a regular rest in the shade of trees

D.students taking up the four sports should bring bottles of water

70.It can be concluded that

A.each sport will take only on hour

B.students will be chaarged for the four sports

C.all the sports will take place at Kowloon Peak

D.teachers will accompany students on each sport

71.The purpose of the memo is to

A.attract students』interest in the programme

B.require the parents to select a sport for their chinld

C.help the staff explain the programme to the parents

D.remind teachers and lifeguards to be present on time

E

In the United Statcs, there were some well-constructed houses for native Indians, ranging from the simple brush shelter to the five-storied pueblo.

In the eastem United States, one of the existing types was that commonly know under the Algonkian name of wigwam in which the Iroquois Indians lived. The wigwams were of wagon-top shape with straight sides and ends, made by bending young trees to form the round shape. Over this shape pieces of tree bark were laid to protect the Indians from bad weather. Over the bark dried grass was added. A small hole allowde smoke to escape from the top. Doorways at each en served also as windows, The Iroquois Indians built trunk walls all around their villages. The wall had only one opening, They could quickly close this cpening if their enemies came near.

Interestingly, the Choctaw Indians in Mississippi also lived in a wigwam of a most primitive(原始的) construction, but different from those of the Iroquois Indians.The Choctaw Indians』wigwams, made from mud,cane and straw, were in the form of a bee-hive. The covering was made of a long, tough grass. A post in the centre supported the roof.A hole in the top admitted the light, and allowed the smoke to pass out.

The tipi tent-housing of the upper lake and plains area was put up with poles set lightly in the ground, tied together near the top, and covered with bark and grass in the lake country. It was easily portable, and two women could set it up or take it down within an hour.

The Pawnee, Mandan and other Indian tribes (部落) along the Missouri built solid ring-shaped structhures of trunk, covered with earth and dried grass,housing adozen families.

The Wichita and other tribes of the Texas border built large ring-shaped houses covered with dried grass.

Apart from the regular housing, almost every tribe had some style of housing.

72.Which of the follwing pictures shows the house for the Iroquois Indians?

73. According to the passage, the Pawnee Indians built their houses _____.

A. with openings in the trunk walls B. large enough for several families

C. in a ring shape with bark and mud D.by bending young trees to form the shape

74.All the native Indian houses described in the passage were_____.

A. of the same shape B. covered with grass

C. built with a post in the centre D. built with doorways at each end

75. The passage suggests that ________

A.all the native Indians built trunk walls all around their houses

B.all the native Indian houses were built with poles tied together

C.the Iroquois Indians took safety into account while building their wigwams

D.the Choctaw Indians in Mississippi built their wigwams with straight sides and ends

第Ⅱ卷(非選擇題共35分)

Ⅸ 求幾個獎項的英文翻譯~急急急!!!

黨校優秀學員;
Excellent Student of Communist Party School

優秀學生幹部;
Excellent Student Leader

校三好學生;
"Three-Good" Student

校級獎學金乙等;
Second-Class Schoolarship of School

優秀團員;
Excellent League Member

第二十一屆文化藝術節合唱比賽二等獎;
Second Prize at the Chorus Competition of 21st Culture and Art Festival

第一屆健康活力大賽健美操組團體第六;
Sixth at the Group Team of 1st Healthy and Vitality Aerobics Competition

網頁設計大賽二等獎、最佳意見獎;
Second Prize, the Best Suggestion Prize of Website Designing Competition

第一屆女生節書畫攝影大賽優秀獎;
The Excellent Prize of Painting, Calligraphy and Photography Competition at the 1st Girls'Festival

新生十佳歌手大賽優秀獎;
Excellent Prize of the Freshmen's Best-Ten Singing Competition

獎項蠻多的嘛。。